不规则英语动词之记法

学习啦  美婷   2020-03-27 14:53:20

  英语动词按其过去式和过去分词的构成方式可分为规则动词和不规则动词。接下来,小编给大家准备了不规则英语动词之记法,欢迎大家参考与借鉴。

  不规则英语动词之记法

  规则动词的过去式和过去分词由词尾加ed构成,而不规则动词的变化因词而异。但如对不规则动词的过去式和过去分词做一分析,就可发现其中的“规则”。为方便同学们记忆,现将初中英语教学大纲中的69个不规则动词的原形、过去式和过去分词列出并规为五种类型。同学们还可将第二、三类分为若干组,以便准确记忆。

  一、AAA型(原形、过去式和过去分词同形):

  cost1 cost cost

  cut cut cut

  let let let

  put put put

  read read read

  二、ABB型(过去式与过去分词同形):

  bring brought2 brought

  build built3 built

  buy bought bought

  catch caught caught

  dig dug4 dug

  feel felt felt

  find found5 found

  get got6 got

  have had7 had

  hear heard heard

  hold held held

  keep kept kept

  ※learn learnt learnt

  leave left left

  lend lent8 lent

  make made9 made

  meet met met

  pay paid10 paid

  say said11 said

  sell sold12 sold

  send sent sent

  shine shone13 shone

  sit sat14 sat

  sleep slept slept

  ※smell smelt15 smelt

  spend spent spent

  stand stood16 stood

  teach taught17 taught

  tell told told

  think thought18 thought

  understand understood

  understood

  三、ABC型(原形、过去式和过去分词各异):

  be was/were been

  begin began begun

  blow blew blown

  break broke19 broken

  do did20 done

  draw drew drawn

  drink drank drunk

  drive drove21 driven

  eat ate22 eaten

  fall fell23 fallen

  fly flew24 flown

  forget forgot25 forgotten

  give gave26 given

  go went gone

  grow grew grown

  know knew known

  lie lay27 lain

  ride rode28 ridden

  ring rang rung

  see saw29 seen

  show showed shown

  sing sang30 sung

  speak spoke31 spoken

  swim swam swum

  take took32 taken

  throw threw thrown

  wake woke33 woken

  wear wore worn

  write wrote34 written

  四、ABA型(原形与过去分词同形):

  become became35 become

  come came36 come

  五、AAB型(原形与过去式同形):

  beat37 beat beaten38

  (注:带※号的词也可视为规则动词。)




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